With each passing day, skincare has become more and more complicated, expensive, confusing and time consuming.
It has gone from simple soap and water routines to rituals with multi-step layering, skin rejuvenation devices, and up-to-the minute skincare advances that supercede the previous latest and greatest skin care breakthrough.
What to Do
So, what is a person to do when it comes to finding a skincare routine that is going to be easy to follow and doesn’t involve a gazillion steps and overpriced products?
Well, it’s about adaptation to a routine that is simple, yet effective, and includes safe, lasting and results-oriented products that are specifically designed for a corresponding skin type.
Morning and Evening Routine
Depending on the type of skin that a person has, a simple skincare program usually entails both a morning and evening routine and begins with cleansing, followed by toning, a daytime serum and a moisturizer that contains an SPF.
A nighttime regimen usually follows the same path as the AM routine, which includes cleansing, toning, serum application, eye moisturizing and application of a heavier, hydrating overnight moisturizer.
Five Skin Types
Skin types are usually classified in the following categories:
1. Dry or Mature/Aging
Choosing basic skincare products that follow a morning and evening routine can be easily applied to each of the four categories as there are currently innumerable formulations for each one that are proven helpful. Each category should include product types that match the skin category. Examples for each type include:
1. Dry or Mature/Aging Skin
This skin type should use a mild cleansing lotion or cream that has no foaming or lathering agents. With toning, there are formulations that simply need to be avoided. If they contain certain alcohols, such as denatured, isopropyl, enthanol, and SD alcohol, select a different product.
Any serums used should be high in antioxidants that promote and stimulate collagen production. Moisturizer application should contain hydrating agents and a SPF factor that guards against UVA and UVB rays.
2. Sensitive Skin
Sensitive skin requires a sulfate-free, mild lotion cleanser. Any toner should be alcohol-free and contain calming, anti-inflammatory and immune support ingredients like chamomile, green tea and beta-glucan, all of which aid in reducing skin sensitivity.
Moisturizers should be free of scent, synthetic fragrances, alcohols and dyes. The best SPF type moisturizers for sensitive skin would be those with zinc oxide, as they are the least likely of sunscreens to cause irritation to sensitive skin.
3. Oily Skin
Oily Skin requires a gel or foam cleanser that is free of sulfates. Toners should be alcohol-free and contain humectants, essential oils (like geranium) for diminishing oil production, and witch hazel for astringent effects. Moisturizers for oily skin should be oil-free with ingredients like sodium PCA, glycerin and other humectants to help the skin retain hydration.
If a sunscreen is going to be used, it should be a zinc oxide based cream, as oily skin will be less prone to breakouts with its use and will retain a matte or flat finish without a buildup of skin oil. Powders that are mineral based and contain SPF protection are also recommended for oily skinned individuals.
4. Normal Skin
Individuals with normal skin (neither oily or dry) should use gentle lathering cleansers that are sulfate-free. Toners for normal skin should be void of alcohol and contain minerals as well as herbals and flower essences such as chamomile and peony to soothe and hydrate skin.
Moisturizers for normal skin should be light and contain a sun protection factor (SPF) that won’t clog pores. Ingredients like white tea, hyaluronic acid, panthenol, rose oil, vitamin C and other antioxidants should be incorporated in a moisturizer to aid with hydration, circulation and brightening.
5. Combination Skin
Individuals with combination skin (oily and dry in places) should use a gel based cleanser, or a cleansing lotion if skin has a tendency to be drier. Toners should be free of alcohol and contain humectants for retaining moisture as well as essential oils and witch hazel for gentle pore refining effects.
Moisturizers for combination skin should be lightweight, contain antioxidants and should not necessarily be oil-free. Sun protection should come through a zinc oxide based cream or mineral based powder with a built-in SPF.
A skincare routine doesn’t have to become a drawn out and complicated process and if specific products are matched with skin types, there is no reason that a simple skincare routine can’t be followed on an everyday basis. Skincare doesn’t have to be time consuming, lavish or overpriced to be effective.
Amber Llorens – empowering beauty and self confidence.